Treatment for arthritis begins with non-operative treatments. There is a good chance that we can improve your pain without surgery.
1. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are medications reduce that inflammation and pain by blocking pain receptors in your musculoskeletal system. Examples include ibuprofen and naproxen.
2. Tylenol (Acetaminophen)
Tylenol works by blocking opioid receptors in the brain. By stopping these receptors, Tylenol stops the release of neurotransmitters such as Substance P – a molecule responsible for pain. It is an inexpensive over-the-counter pain-reliever.
Steroid injections into your joint reduces your inflammation. Often patients have a lasting effect. Usually these injections can be provided every 3 months. Many patients will find great success with treatment that occurs on an annual or semi-annual basis.
Decreasing your weight reduces the stress on your joint. Every pound carried on your body is equivalent to 4 pounds on your knees.
Building muscle is an incredibly effective way to improve the pain in your joints. Working with therapists can help develop muscles involved hip and knee function. This improvement in strength reduces the stress put across your joint. Stretching helps with making your joints more flexible and less stiff.
Gait aids provide improved mobility and support for patients that need them.
High-impact activities such as jogging on joints that are worn-out may cause pain and possibly damage to your cartilage. Having reasonable expectations of your arthritic joint may allow you to have a pain-free experience.
These types of injections may provide cushion or lubrication to the joint. The FDA has approved these medications for knee injections. There have been several medical journal studies that have published on these types of injections. Some studies have shown improvements in pain, while some have shown no improvements
9. Anti-Rheumatic Medications
These medications have been game-changers in patient’s lives and pain control. Patients who have gout, rheumatoid or other inflammatory arthritis should consider evaluation by a rheumatologist for co-management of their pain.
10. Anti-Gout Medications
The treatment options for gouty arthritis mainly divide into one of the three groups: uric-acid -lowering medication, urate-lowering medications (allopurinol, febuxostat, probenecid), and prophylactic medications. Dietary changes are recommended to patients suffering for gouty arthritis; the intake of food that adds uric acid content in blood needs to be minimized, i.e., red meat, liver, kidneys, sugary drinks, and foods rich in fructose.